The cable-stayed bridge is related to the cantilever bridge. The cables are in tension, and the deck is in compression. The spans can be constructed as cantilevers until they are joined at the centre. A big difference between cantilever bridges and cable-stayed bridges is that the former usually have a suspended span, and the latter do not.
A cable stayed-bridge lacks the great rigidity of a trussed cantilever, and the continuous beam compensates for this to some extent. Indeed, while a long cable-stayed span is under construction, there may be great concern about possible oscillations, until the cantilevers are joined. For the Pont de Normandie, there was even thought of using active correctors if things threatened to get out of hand. In fact, the construction went smoothly.
The cables are of high tensile steel. In a few examples these are encased in concrete. Towers are often made in concrete, though steel is also used.
Advantages of cable-stayed bridges
The two halves may be cantilevered out from each side. There is no need for anchorages to sustain strong horizontal forces, because the spans are self-anchoring. They can be cheaper than suspension bridges for a given span. Many asymmetrical designs are possible.
Disadvantages of cable-stayed bridges
In the longer sizes, the cantilevered halves are very susceptible to wind induced oscillation during construction. The cables require careful treatment to protect them from corrosion.